Created out of our extensive experience of Creative Digital Education, Bodmin College is delighted to be partnering with Falmouth University
in the development of our FdA in Digital Media.
So why study digital media?
"Digital Media is an ever-expanding discipline, which combines graphics, video, product design and web-based activities. The convergence of these areas is where a lot of students have been heading towards for some time now. Digital Media is a course that enables a variety of areas of interest to develop with specific skill-sets and design aspirations. The subject area is very relevant to the discipline and for job opportunities in commercial and design practices."
Dr Shaun Murray - External Examiner for Ba (Hons) Digital Media
With inspirational staff and facilities we are a vibrant home for digital creative research and the innovative application of the latest digital technologies.
Bodmin is the perfect place to study this exciting and rapidly evolving subject, Digital Media.
A unique location where beautiful landscapes and incredible coastlines provide stunning vistas that juxtapose with urban peculiarities immersed in a rich heritage of artistic endeavor.
Fatcake Collective allows fresh graduates an opportunity to continue to collaborate and work with each other,
in a professional and commercial environment, after their degree.
Fatcake Collective offers this structure of support for ex-students looking to use the skills they have gathered to start their own creative businesses.
We work on a variety of projects with local businesses, providing creative digital solutions such as; photography, film, illustration and graphic design.
Building on a range of approaches to Digital Media through viewing, discussion and analysis, you will choose your own path through our degree. You will be encouraged to work for a broad range of clients on 'Live Work'. You will be supported to develop your communication with clients and ensure that you creatively meet set briefs. You will also be encouraged to develop skills in entrepreneurship and will be supported to set up your own business whilst studying. The above graduates are just a a small part of our success in preparing graduates for their future career journeys.
FdA Digital Media Course Leader
Mark Talbot has a degree in Sculpture, and has taught at Bodmin College for 20 years, during which time he has pioneered the use digital technologies to enhance learning. Mark is an OCR Moderator and Team Leader and supports the development of GCSE and A Level Photography and Digital Arts. Mark also owns and runs The Square Gallery St Mawes with his wife Catherine
FdA Digital Media Tutor
Jessica Hill is a Digital Art teacher with a background in Fine art. She graduated from Bournemouth Arts University where her practise was based around installations and creating kinetic sculptures. Jess has a lot of experience of working in and creating exhibitions and spent time working at the Hayward gallery in London building a 10ft lobster. She has worked in two galleries in Prague as an assistant programme manager.
FdA Digital Media Technician
Jim Nancarrow spent the early stages of his career as a Electro Mechanical Engineer before joining Bodmin College 22 years ago as IT Network Manager. A Keen photographer Jim has been a outstanding support technician to the FdA Course.
John Freddy Jones
John Freddy Jones
FILMMAKER AND PHOTOGRAPHER
John is a freelance videographer with a keen interest in factual videos. This ranges from weddings, event videos to business case studies and promotion.
Hana Backland is a freelance filmmaker specialising in community, arts and education work. She also shoots behind the scenes for large film productions and regularly mentors younger filmmakers and creatives.
She's run a film festival, invented a kids-in-charge tv pilot, worked on psychosis intervention from the bottom of a swimming pool and regularly facilitates curriculum enrichment filmmaking sessions in schools.
Hana has extensive experience in devising workshops, building creative rapport with strangers, fixing problems on the fly and motivating people to give the very best they can to a project or brief.
Visiting Lecturer Brett Harvey
WRITER AND DIRECTOR
Brett Harvey is a writer and director based in Cornwall. His short film work has won awards at The Manchester Festival of Fantastic Films, Fresh Five Festival, Viewfinder Festival, Cornwall Film Festival, Frightfest, Total Film Magazine and he was the Southwest Regional Finalist in the Orange 60 Seconds of Fame competition at the BAFTA’s in 2008. His first feature film Weekend Retreat won the Golden Chough award at the Cornwall Film Festival 2011, Best Director at the London Independent Film Festival 2012, Best Actress and Best Film at the Bootleg Film Festival 2013, Best Director at the International Film Festival of Wales 2014 and 9 awards at the Global Independent Film Awards. His second feature film Brown Willy was released into cinemas in 2016. It played in international film festivals and The New Statesman described it as “Cornwall’s answer to Withnail and I”.
Visiting Lecturer John Crooks
CREATIVE DIRECTOR DOGBITE STUDIOS
John Crooks is the co-founder and director of Dogbite Ltd, a creative production company specialising in film, music videos and TV advertising for both national and international brands. John has worked as a gaffer on hundreds of productions in commercials, drama and feature films, shooting and directing live broadcast, and stage management. With years of “set time” under his belt, John has a vast knowledge of the roles within production and has been running his his own Film School for the last seven years.
James lives in Cornwall with his wife and young children, and runs his own food business the Posh Pasty Company as well as being the Executive Chef of Havener’s Bar & Grill in Fowey. Recently James has presented two popular series of The Hungry Sailors: 50 hour long episodes broadcast on ITV1 (2012 & 2013). In 2013 James founded the Posh Pasty Company with his wife Holly, producing award-winning gourmet pasties using the finest Cornish ingredients. James is also a regular contributor to Food & Drink magazines.
So you're considering Bodmin, you'll probably have a few questions about the course, what we look for when we're selecting our students, and what it's like to study here.
How do I apply?
To apply to one of our undergraduate courses you will need to make an application through UCAS.
What is the deadline for applying?
The deadline for all UCAS undergraduate courses is 15 January in the year you wish to commence studying. In practice, we may be able to accept late applications if places are still available. It's best to check with the Admissions team first. If you wish to take a gap year and apply for a deferred place, you need to apply a year early. For example, applications for 2018 entry must be made by 15 January 2018.
If you are a UK/EU applicant and places are still available, then we may be able to accept late applications until the course becomes full. However, we do recommend you submit your application before the deadline to maximise your chances of gaining a place.
What happens next after I've applied?
We will let you know as soon as we've begun to process your application, usually by email and with a letter to your correspondence address. The UCAS cycle opens in October each year. We are normally in a position to start considering applications in November, for entry the following September.
What UCAS codes will I need?
Fda in Digital Media at Bodmin College is a franchised provision. You will be paying your tuition fees to directly Falmouth University.
The UCAS institution code for Falmouth University is F33.
Fda Digital Media Course code is T348
What do you mean by a Level 3 qualification?
Levels of academic study in England, Northern Ireland and Wales are officially recognised through the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF). The National Academic Recognition Information Centre (NARIC) helps to compare International qualifications against these recognised standards as established as part of the Bologna Process.
Examples of UK qualifications and levels:
Level 3: A Levels, Extended (National) Diploma, Scottish Highers, International Baccalaureate
Do I need a Foundation Diploma to apply for Fda Digital Media?
We accept applicants straight from A Level if your portfolio is strong enough.
Can I change my application to deferred entry once I've applied?
While we welcome deferred entry at the time of application, once an offer has been made we can only defer your entry in exceptional circumstances. Your request will need to be put in writing and supporting evidence sent to Admissions. Please contact the Admissions team as soon as possible if you find yourself in this situation.
Can I nominate someone else to handle my application?
We will not discuss your application with anyone apart from you unless you formally ask us to. If you'd like someone else to handle your application on your behalf, please send a letter to the Admissions office with the details of your nominated contact.
Can I reapply to Bodmin if I've been unsuccessful?
While you can't reapply to the same course in the same admissions cycle, we would welcome another application from you next year. It is possible to apply to a different course at Falmouth in the same admissions year, if there are places available.
I am returning to study after a break from education. How do I apply?
You need to apply in the same way as other applicants. Undergraduate applicants must apply through UCAS. See 'how do I apply?' above.
Is there a minimum or maximum age requirement for applying?
All applicants apply in the same way, regardless of their age. Undergraduate applicants must apply using UCAS.
There is no upper or lower age limit for students entering higher education. However, the recognised entry requirements for Bodmin's courses are unlikely to be achieved by most candidates below the age of 17. If a student is under the age of 18 on joining Bodmin, we will send you a form of consent, which will need to be signed by you and your parent or guardian. In the case of emergencies, a member of Bodmin staff may need to act in loco parentis (in place of a parent) and this is a requirement of an offer being made to someone under 18.
Do I need a portfolio to apply to Bodmin?
Yes, we will require a portfolio of work and sketchbooks to support it. Viewing your work is the best way for us to understand your creative thinking and to assess whether you would be able to thrive on FdA Digital Media.
While we expect that you will have been developing your work prior to applying, you are not expected to submit a portfolio with your initial application.
We will send you clear instructions once you've submitted an application.
What makes a strong portfolio?
Your portfolio says a lot about you. Even though there are no set rules for a successful portfolio, and each course has its own specific requirements, we can make some broad recommendations. It's our intention that you use these as a general guide to help you decide what to include, and what not to include. Make sure your portfolio is:
Organised - arrange your work and know the contents of your portfolio - make sure you can find things quickly in an interview
Relevant and current - include pieces that are relevant to the course you're applying to and select recent work - we're most interested in the work you are doing now, not work you made years ago
Unique - stand out - show how you experiment with materials, processes, colour and different ways of ‘seeing', show the variety and breadth of your work and your technical ability
Selective - go for quality rather than quantity and select your most interesting pieces, even if they're not ‘finished' - choose work that you feel strongest about, not just the work your tutor likes, to demonstrate your passion to us
Open - show us how you think - include sketchbooks and workbooks to reveal your thought-processes and your ability to experiment, problem-solve and develop concepts.
Where is Bodmin College?
We are located in Cornwall, in the south west of England. We are approximately 4 hours by train from London, one hour from Exeter and about 45 minutes from Plymouth.
Can I make a visit?
Yes, we recommend you do. We encourage all prospective applicants to see our facilities first-hand and to meet our staff. There are two ways to do this: book a place on an open day or book a personal tour.
Our open days are
To book a personal tour please contact Mark Talbot, Course Leader: email@example.com.
What financial support is available ?
UK undergraduate students are eligible for a tuition fee loan as long as you haven't been to university before. Exactly how much you can borrow, in the form of a living fee loan, will depend on your household income. Contact Student Finance England to find out more.
Applications for government loans and grants for students from England need to be submitted on-line to Student Finance England. If you normally live in Northern Ireland, Scotland or Wales, you will need to apply to your regional finance team for your loan or grant: Student Finance NI, Student Awards Agency for Scotland (SAAS), or Student Finance Wales.
Full-time EU students can apply for a tuition fee loan from Student Finance England but any living expenses will need to be funded though the authorities in your home country. If you have been resident in the UK for three years or more before the start date of your proposed course, for reasons other than education, you may be eligible for a maintenance loan or maintenance grant from Student Finance England. Contact the EU customer services team for further advice and an application form.
What other support is there for our students?
We can provide free, confidential advice with any problem, large or small. Our partnership with Falmouth University means that the Falmouth University student union (FXU) can also provide impartial support for a wide range of welfare, financial or academic issues.
It's our aim for you to have the best possible experience at Bodmin, to make the most of your course and fulfil your potential. For more information on any of our services, please contact us.
I've already got qualifications. Do I still need to submit samples of work?
Yes you will. This is a course that requires pre-interview work. We are most interested in your creative ability and this cannot always be evidenced by qualifications alone.
What do you mean by a reference?
A reference is also known as a letter of recommendation. We would generally expect your reference to be written by an academic tutor who can attest to your suitability for study and to your enthusiasm for your chosen subject. However, if you're not currently in education, an employer can also write a reference or letter of recommendation for you.
What if I already hold an equivalent qualification to the one I want to apply to?
If you are a UK/EU resident applying to a course which is at an equivalent or lower level to a qualification that you already hold, you will be considered as ‘ELQ status' by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). This may mean that you will not be eligible for government student finance and you will have to fund your studies privately.
For example, if you were to apply for FDa (Hons) Digital Media and you already held a BSc in Computer Science, you would be considered ELQ because both courses are at an equivalent level. An applicant with a postgraduate MA applying for a undergraduate foundation degree would also be classed as ELQ for funding purposes.
Will a disability affect my application?
We are committed to ensure that, wherever practical, students with disabilities are able to study with us through the support and facilities available. You should declare your disability when you apply so we are able to correctly assess how we can support you through the application process and beyond, if you were to become a student here. Your academic ability will be assessed by academic staff and we will assess the support we can offer you.
What will I be expected to pay for as part of my course?
What do I need to bring with me to interview?
Your portfolio should:
Viewing your work is the best way for us to understand your creative thinking and to assess whether you would be able to thrive on FdA Digital Media.
What will happen at my interview?
You'll be interviewed individually with your portfolios and sketchbooks, by two academic members of staff
At your interview you'll have a tour where you'll have the chance to ask any questions. Please prepare questions to ask too.
You will normally receive a response from your interview through UCAS within 5 days.
What will happen at my Telephone/Skype interview?
We use the same requirements, as best as possible, to our in person interviews, so please look at these points to help you prepare. In Addition we would like to see a digital portfolio of your work .
As soon as possible before your interview please send a link to your online portfolio. It is important that you also have access to this online portfolio during the interview so that we can discuss your work together.
Your portfolio should contain project work, evidence of preparatory work (photographs of sketchbooks) and a piece of writing (a personal study, a media essay etc) The piece of writing can be emailed separately.
How can I prepare for my interview?
We would like to understand why you might wish to Digital Media at Bodmin. We would like to be able to see that you have some of the fundamental skills that that underpin this subject, your ability to think creatively and your visual language through the use of both traditional and digital technologies.
We want to hear from you as a person. How you are motivated. The activities and the interests you have.
Your the experiences that have led you to wish to study this subject.
•Your portfolio, paper, printed or digital
•Sketch books, digital or paper
•A piece of writing (a personal study, a media essay etc.)
Your portfolio should:
•Demonstrate your ability to investigate ideas
•Use a range of media
•Show investigations and experimentation in media
•Be organised and well presented
What are we looking for in a successful applicant?
We will be looking for applicants who show:
What are the indicative weekly study hours?
FdA Digital Media is a full-time course; typically, students should expect to spend 35 - 40 hours per week on a combination of taught and self-directed study."
We hope we've covered most of the answers to your questions in our FAQs (below), but if you still have some questions and need some more advice before you apply, please do not hesitate to get in touch. Or better still, come and see us at one of our open days.
Student Disciplinary Policy
Attendance Monitoring Policy
FdA Digital Media Centre
Woods Browning Industrial Estate, Bodmin. Cornwall.
+44 (0)1208 72114 (ext 725)
Identity DTM 120
Level 4, Stage 1 (20 Credits)
Studio assignments will allow you to explore and experiment with methods and idea creation techniques aimed at discovering your individual character and positioning you as an emerging practitioner.
This includes key methods and techniques for developing appropriate communication material such as CVs and business plans.
They will enable you to develop a more reflective approach to learning and effective time management skills.
Working within the theme of personal identity and belonging you will take part in workshops in Digital Media software and hardware authoring and distribution to develop your own practice and techniques.
Visiting guest speakers from industry and business development seminars and workshops will connect your emerging practice with the professional contexts that shape and motivate the creative process of idea generation and development.
Lectures and seminars will introduce you to a common vocabulary of a social and cultural history of Digital Arts and Design Theory and embrace emerging concepts within the subject. This will establish a critical awareness of the key practitioners and debates in relation to genre and will provide context for your work. These will help you to discover your identity and outline a personal set of principles that will shape your career.
Your projects will be discussed with your personal tutor through small group tutorials that support learning and offer a platform for critical constructive debate.
Place DTM 130
Level 4, Stage 1 (20 Credits)
Inquiry and Practice
This module is designed to introduce you to a common vocabulary of the social and cultural history of Digital Media and the cultural practices that arise concurrently with emerging technological platforms.
It will support you in developing an understanding of the theoretical and practical contexts relevant to contemporary Digital Media. From web based to physical location specific work projects, this module will allow you to reflect upon your personal relationship with your immediate location.
Defining your place as a maker of digital content you will begin to acquire critically informed perspectives for your academic and production work and delineate your relationship to the local and global contexts and markets in which your creations exists.
Workshops will develop your technical and practical knowledge and application of selected creative tools and techniques.
Collaboration DTM 140
Level 4, Stage 1 (20 Credits)
Inquiry and Practice
This module introduces you to teamwork and to working with external stakeholders in developing appropriate communication designs. Working on a ‘Live’ brief in collaboration with a client you will assign management roles and responsibilities and apply your collective understanding to prototype, market and distribute a Digital Design or Arts concept.
You will learn how to engage user groups and audiences and utilise feedback to develop your concept.
You will engage with the key changes brought about by interaction; the blurring of lines between creator and observer, systems and users, in new and emerging Digital Media practices and technologies.
Combining theory and practice, you will become more accomplished at recognising the importance of these considerations in developing your own work as Digital Design and Arts practitioner.
Emphasis will be placed on theoretical and technological research that will ensure that solutions developed are relevant to current and future markets, users and observers.
Grow DTM 150
Level 4, Stage 1 (20 Credits)
Individual creative projects
This Module will runs in Parallel with DTM160
This module marks an important transitional stage for you as an emerging practitioner. Growing independence and specialisation will be supported through personal goal setting and a more individual approach to the discipline.
You will negotiate self-directed or client led assignments for this module that meet the unit aims and learning outcomes.
The content of this module will be specific to your particular interests or clients needs, your expertise and your ambitions. You will be expected to contextualise your portfolio in verbal and visual form.
This module will be delivered via lectures and workshops supported by personal tutorials and business development seminars encouraging imaginative innovative combinations of theory, skills, techniques and technologies to support growing independence.
Specialist workshop run by professional Digital Designers/Artists from outside the college will extend topics grounded in the skills developed in first three modules. The exact nature of these will be negotiated and depend on the particular composition of your year group.
Critical positioning skills aim to build on ideas introduced in previous modules to help you develop a further awareness of more complex ideas and equip you with the skills and knowledge to engage in constructive and critical debate in relation to both the theory and practice of Digital Media, as well as those which specifically relate to your personal development/business ideas and chosen specialist Arts or Design pathway.
Engagement DTM 160
Level 4, Stage 1 (20 Credits)
Focus upon emerging markets and technologies
This unit runs in parallel with DTM150 Grow and builds on your business, theoretical and contextual understanding of emerging markets and technologies. This module will enable you to position your independent digital portfolio and develop your potential markets locally, nationally and internationally.
Critical positioning skills aim to build on ideas introduced in previous modules to help you develop a further awareness of more complex inquiry.
This module will equip you with knowledge to engage in constructive and critical debate in relation to the theory, scope and contexts of contemporary Digital Arts and Design practice and apply these to your professional personal /business ideas. This will encourage you to formulate your identity and positioning within emerging and (often) temporary contexts and platforms associated with the discipline.
You will investigate emerging technologies and practices and their interdependence with individuals, groups and organisations in growing future markets.
You will produce an essay or report, outlining your development process from ideation, prototyping and outcome; articulating your decisions and responses to research, theoretical issues and challenges through your essay or report and in critiques and client presentations. The outcomes of this will help to inform and support the parallel practical projects in DTM150 Grow.
You will have the opportunity to visit studios and businesses and attend visiting professional designer and artist seminars aimed at raising awareness of emerging practices and technologies in creating identity, methodologies and markets.
Formation DTM 210
Level 5, Stage 2 (20 Credits)
Professional and critical directions
This Module runs in Parallel with DTM220 Exploration
You will develop your critical understanding of the ways in which we perceive ourselves, our relationship to others, our senses of community and connectivity and apply these in your production work for DTM220 Exploration.
This module introduces a range of theoretical and practical positions that have been informed by and have arisen from methods of contemporary and future practice as a product of digital media developments. This module will prepare you for progression to Level 6 of a degree course in relation to the dissertation, and the more independent project management expectations of creative studio practice through a business plan.
This module will underpin your creative and personal academic and career ambitions. It is informed by risk, experimentation and ‘real world’ contextualization that are the essential drivers for the module DTM 220 Exploration.
Exploration DTM 220
Level 5, Stage 2 (20 Credits)
Technical development project
The practice undertaken develops concurrently with the module DTM210 Formation, so that there is an integration of Digital Media practices undertaken within this module with the study of development within the theoretical and critical business positioning of Digital Media.
You will now have a clear idea of your specialist areas of interest and will be supported by visiting professionals and your tutors who will nurture your growth as a creative digital practitioner.
With this support you will begin to widen your practice and specialise in an Arts or Design pathway.
You will be encouraged to embrace new experiences and pursue more challenging goals in practical and conceptual development and technical competencies. You will be encouraged to identify potential opportunities for Digital Arts or Design within this context.
The practice based self-negotiated assignments should challenge conventions through promotion of risk taking projects that strive for originality and stimulate entrepreneurial thinking. You will be expected to apply a diverse range of practical and conceptual tools and techniques to immersive and interactive practical outcomes.
Level 5, Stage 2 (20 Credits)
The module will allow the opportunity for you to critically examine your practice through a series of optional and mandatory experiences.
You will also be engaged in issues relating to business and professional practice, including ethics, business planning, copyright issues and the implications of copyright laws for generating income from work.
User feedback will be essential at this point of your professional development. You will need to ensure that mechanisms and methods
are in place for this level of engagement within your assignment and apply your findings to ensure that you expand your market potential and confidence in outcome.
You will negotiate your project/s with your tutor or client and will push and challenge your creative potential supported by advanced skill development, professional workshops and seminars to individually develop your Creative Digital and Business skills.
You will be expected to present your project(s) at assessment and to your client. Outcomes from the studio-‐based assignments should summarize your learning experiences and your emerging interests within the subject and specialism.
Level 5, Stage 2 (20 credits)
Professional and critical directions
The module will provide the platform for the emerging Digital Designer or Artist to shape and position your professional identity and reflect upon your personal digital futures and career paths.
In this module you will build on the theoretical and contextual development introduced in DTM210 Formation in situating your own developing Digital Media practice within contemporary discourse.
You will have two options:
1) To prepare and test your analytical, evaluative, critical and written skills in preparation for the dissertation module of an honours degree.
2) To develop a business report that identifies and maps your future career pathway either as an employee or as self-employed.
The written work undertaken in this module will normally be informed by your practical work in DTM230 or DTM231, so that connections can be made between research, written work and Digital Media practice.
Professional Portfolio - DTM250
Level 5, Stage 2 (40 Credits)
This module will prepare you in the development of your portfolio for either progression to Level 6 of a degree course or professional creative practice.
Key to this is independent project management expectations of the studio assignments.
The module will create the platform for you to critically develop and communicate your creative Digital practice.
As part of this you will be encouraged to embrace new experiences and accept more challenging goals. You will be supported by workshops on brief writing and project management, and will be expected to present your work at assessment, including final outcomes and development work.
Learning teams will provide the forum for staff and peer feedback and critical debate. You will be invited to engage with both self-‐authored and/or externally set national competition briefs that allow you to explore subject-‐specific areas of interest, at the same time pushing and challenging your creative potential.
The critical business skills you have developed during the course will enable you to sustain and build upon your commercial relationships.
Your work will be presented in a major exhibition to mark the end of your FdA course.
Foundations DTM 110
Level 4, Stage 1 (20 Credits)
This module will be delivered through a series of practical and theoretical assignments.
It will introduce you to the fundamental principles of visual language alongside the exploration of production practices and techniques associated with Digital Media.
You will begin to explore the expressive, critical and technical potential of Digital making and this will provide you with a basis from which to develop more individually led work later in the course.
Examples include: notation through drawing and diagrams, 3D modeling and time-based media. You will apply your understanding of users, audiences, systems and contexts to such cross-media production.
FdA Digital Media is awarded by Falmouth University. Falmouth University is a higher education institution with the power to award degrees, diplomas, certificates and other academic distinctions up to the level of taught Master’s in accordance with its Articles of Government.
Students who successfully complete the FdA Digital Media will be eligible to apply for entry onto the final year of one of the following Falmouth University BA Honours courses
We are looking for fresh thinking contributors and we welcome applications from diverse educational backgrounds.
Students with a passion for creative technology, media production and computing, alongside film-makers, designers, artists, gamers, writers and image-makers are at home in our dynamic, multi-disciplined FdA Digital Media. We look for students who are excited by collaboration and experimentation, fusing traditional media and digital development to shape new forms of communication.
As part of the course you'll have a cutting-edge Digital Media Centre purpose built for the course. Facilities include Apple computers and a drive-in digital studio.
The development technologies available include digital design and editing suites, digital still and moving image studios and a physical computing lab.
Our students are makers. They learn through doing and dissolve definitions such as online/offline to explore how physical computing meets behavioral design.Supported through workshops across a wide variety of media and programming skills, you'll be introduced to design fundamentals in sketching and notation, and the three sets of tools and techniques that focus Digital Media's output: interaction, image and audio design.
In your first year you'll learn the basics of designing and programming for online media and mobile apps, video production, sound recording and mixing, graphics and hardware interfaces.
In year 2 we encourage you to focus on your areas of interest as well as studying the more advanced problem-solving and technical skills development.